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  4. Committee on Perinatal Health.  Toward Improving the Outcome of Pregnancy. The 90’s and Beyond.  White Plains, NY: The National Foundation – March of Dimes, 1993.

  5. Lighting for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities, RP29-16.  New York: American National Standards Institute, 2016.


  7. NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code, 2018 Edition.  National Fire Protection Association, 2018.

  8. ADA Pediatric Nutrition Practice Group.  Infant Feedings: Guidelines for Preparation of Human Milk and Formula in Health Care Facilities, Second Edition. Chicago: American Dietetic Association, 2011. 

  9. Lankford, M.G., et al., Assessment of materials commonly utilized in health care: implications for bacterial survival and transmission. Am J Infect Control, 2006. 34(5): p. 258-63.

  10. DiLaura, DL, Houser KW, Mistrick RG eds. The Lighting Handbook. 10th ed. 2011, Illuminating Engineering Society: New York, NY.

  11. Harris, D., Surface Finish Materials: Considerations for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews, 2016. 16(4): p. 203-207.

  12. Sehulster, L. and R.Y.W. Chinn, Guidelines for environmental infection control in health-care facilities. Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). 2003, American Society for Healthcare Engineering/American Hospital Association: United States. p. 79.

  13. Harris, D., et al., The impact of single family room design on patients and caregivers: executive summary. Journal of Perinatology, 2006. 26: p. S38-S48.

  14. Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC); Desing: Military Medical Facilities. UFC 4-510-01 Change 2, 2017.  Department of Defense, US Army Corps of Engineers.     

  15. National Electrical Manufacturers Association 2017.  Temporal Light Artifacts: Test Methods and Guidance for Acceptance Criteria.  NEMA77-2017. Washington DC: National Electrical Manufacturers Association.

  16. Morag I, Ohlsson A.  Cycled lighting in the intensive care unit for preterm and low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016, 10:CD00682.

  17. US Green Building Council.  LEED 2009 for Healthcare, New Construction and major Renovations.  Washington DC: US Green Building Council, 2011.

  18. Evans JB, Philbin MK.  Facility and operations planning for quiet hospital nurseries.  J Perinatol 2000; 20:S105-12.

  19. Morris BH, Philbin MK, Bose C.  Physiologic effects of sound on the newborn.  J Perinatol 2000; 20:S55-60.

  20. Gray L, Philbin MK.  Effects of the neonatal intensive care unit on auditory attention and distraction.  Clin Perinatol 2004; 31:243-60.